The simplest definition is: Retrofuturism is the future as envisioned by the past.
Retrofuturism itself can be broken down into two subcategories:
Retrofuturist Genre – These are modern day art, literature, film, and more that mimic retro styles and visions of the future. By some definitions, this can also include the flip side of that (often seen in Steampunk works) where modern or futuristic technologies are applied to a historic time.
- Steampunk – Victorian era
- Dieselpunk – Period between World War I and World War II
- Decopunk – 1920s – 1950s, a shinier version of Dieselpunk
- Atompunk – 1945 – 1965
- Raygun Gothic – Visual style with aspects of Googie, Streamline Moderne, and Art Deco styles